My Natural Skin Care Glossary
Reading through this skin care
glossary will help your understanding of these commonly used skin terms.
We have kept definitions simple and explain how each term relates to
natural skin care.
Skin Care Glossary
- Alpha Hydroxy Acids
A group of plant derived acids that are used to exfoliate skin. They
smooth fine lines and surface wrinkles and improve the over all
appearance and feel of skin.
- Amino Acids These acids are the building
blocks for protein and are important in skin regeneration. Amino acids
are used in moisturizers and emollients.
- Antioxidant A substance like Vitamin C and
Vitamin E that helps prevent skin cell damage. It creates a barrier
protecting skin cells from free radicals by inhibiting oxidation of
molecules. Oxidation reactions are what produce free radicals which can
damage or cause the death of skin cells. This causes the most visible
signs of aging which is why anti aging treatments are always high in
antioxidants. They slow or prevent aging.
- Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) An antioxidant
that offers protection from free radical damage. It is found in citrus
fruits and dark green vegetables and is essential in maintaining healthy
connective tissue. It is very important for collagen formation which
provides structural support for skin.
- Astringent A substance that when put on skin
causes the contraction of body tissues. It helps minimize the look of
pores and tightens skin and controls oiliness.
- Carrier Oils Natural oils that are ussed to
dilute or "carry" essential oils so they can be applied to the skin
without irritation. For more information on carrier oils
- Collagen A protein found in the skin's
connective tissue. Collagen are the elastic fibers that provide
structural support for skin. With out it your skin would wrinkle and
- Cosmetic Clay A mixture of powdered rocks
that contain calcium, zinc, potassium and magnesium. Used commonly in
facial masks cosmetic clays pull dirt and toxins from deep within the
- Dermis The middle layer of our skin.
- Emollient A substance applied to skin to correct dryness, make skin softer and prevent water from evaporating from the skin's surface.
- Emulsifier An ingredient that is used to
stabilize skin care ingredients. It allows water and oil to combine
together when making lotions and skin care products. Without an
emulsifier the oil and water would remain separated.
- Epidermis The outer most layer of skin.
- Essential Fatty Acids These acids are the
basic building blocks for our skin cells and are required for normal
growth. Essential fatty acids must be obtained through your diet.
- Essential Oils Essential oils are obtained
through a process called distillation. They are extracted from flowers,
bark, roots and leaves from different plants and play a very big part in
natural skin care. For more information on essential oils
- Exfoilate The process of removing dead, non
functioning skin cells, with either chemicals or an abrasive. Sugar,
salt, ground nut shells, berry seeds and ground oatmeal are common
- Free Radicals These are the harmful by
products of sun, pollution etc. When our skin is not protected with
important antioxidants, skin cells begin to oxidize resulting in a
chemical reaction that produces these free radicals. These free radicals
damage and destroy collagen which are responsible for keeping the skin
elastic and providing it with structural support.
- Lactic Acid An alpha hydroxy acid that occurs naturally in milk. It is a good exfolient and natural moisturizer.
- Toner An astringent used to control oiliness and to tighten pores.
Referring back to this skin care glossary can help give you a better
understanding of what your skin needs and how to keep it radiant and
Return From Skin Care Glossary to Home Page